philip glass silent
Since the Romantic Era composers have been striving to produce music that could be separated from any social connections, transcending the boundaries of time and space. We’re strapped in for the ride, we’re not the driver. They’ve become addicted, commoditized, bought and sold. [page needed].  The creators of the Facebook page hoped that reaching number one would help to promote the piece and "make December 25 'a silent night'. Furthermore, in his songs The Wonderful Widow of Eighteen Springs (1942) and A Flower (1950) Cage directs the pianist to play a closed instrument, which may be understood as a metaphor of silence. “Just this morning, I had a phone call and it opened with, ‘No matter what time it is, no matter where you are, we are with you to cover every move.’ It was the bank talking about my less-than-money in my account. Reggio told the Sentinel he’s working with an “unfixed script” and describes “NOW” as “an anarchic comedic fairy tale fantasy of the real.”, JM: “You’ve been concerned for a long time about the effect of technology on people. Dickinson, Peter.  BBC Four broadcast the recording one hour later. The actions of Tudor in the first performance are often misdescribed so that the lid is explained as being open during the movements. It will be three or four-and-a-half minutes long—those being the standard lengths of "canned" music and its title will be Silent Prayer. We’ve become the screen. Some time later he opened it briefly, to mark the end of the first movement. Philip Glass transforms Drowning by acclaimed playwright María Irene Fornés into a New York Premiere pocket opera. So, I’m doing five neo fast-food films for kids, each about eight minutes long. Now during the pandemic, we’ve taken a huge leap forward into even more time on screens.”, Godfrey Reggio: “That’s the ubiquitous screen. Your films were critical of technology and then there were commercials for the techno-gizmos themselves, styled on your Qatsi images and music.”, Godfrey Reggio: “There’s a couple of ways to look at that. And the change being asked for is not cosmetic.  In the case of Stravinsky's Rite of Spring, this would consist of widespread dissatisfaction leading up to violent riots. In 1962, Cage wrote 0′00″, which is also referred to as 4′33″ No. I entered this for a strategic reason; I wanted to do ‘Koyaanisqatsi’ in a way that it could enter the vascular structure of the beast. Compositions that, like 4′33″, include no sounds produced by the performer, were conceived by a number of composers and writers before Cage. Silence: Lectures and Writings. "Heroes" Symphony is a symphony (also known as Symphony No. Sons of the Silent Age. In 4′33″, neither artist nor composer has any impact on the piece, so that Cage has no way of controlling what ambient sounds will be heard by the audience. "4'33" as the Play of Silent Presence. Glass’s Orphée, based on Jean Cocteau’s cinematic retelling of the Orpheus myth, is a parable about the dangers of self-obsession.. In 1951, Cage visited the anechoic chamber at Harvard University. Listening to Philip Glass’s music is like stroking a cat: intensely soothing, unless you happen to be allergic. In 1975, Philip Glass, perhaps the most famous composer from the school of minimalism—which attempts to uncover the beauty in repetition and …  The title of the piece refers to the total length in minutes and seconds of a given performance, 4′33″ being the total length of the first public performance. According to Cage, duration is the essential building block of all of music. He’s the consummate artist of our first lingua franca which is body language, facial expression, eye behavior, gesture and humor, because humor opens the heart. That’s when social security numbers began being given out at birth so that everyone could be tracked through an algorithm. Cage entered the chamber expecting to hear silence, but he wrote later, "I heard two sounds, one high and one low. But so that one is sensitive to sound.  The page was inspired by an earlier campaign in which a Facebook page set up by Jon and Tracey Morter prompted people to buy "Killing in the Name" by American rap metal protest group Rage Against the Machine in the week before Christmas 2009, and has therefore been dubbed "Cage Against the Machine". And we’re recognizing that, so we’re in a point of change. Music by Philip Glass. This is possible when one clears the mind in meditation, gets rid of all the little thoughts or grandioses. " In an introduction to an article called On Robert Rauschenberg, Artist, and His Works, John Cage writes "To Whom It May Concern: The white paintings came first; my silent piece came later.". We’re in a state where we realize now that to go back to normal, which all of us desire, is not enough. And catch the scary silent-movie-house organ! , At the time, however, Cage felt that such a piece would be "incomprehensible in the Western context," and was reluctant to write it down: "I didn't wish it to appear, even to me, as something easy to do or as a joke. ", In late 1989, three years before his death, Cage revisited the idea of 4′33″ one last time. , Silence played a major role in several of Cage's works composed before 4′33″. Or that’s the virtue of silence; so that we may be open to hear. Glass opted to cast the pharaoh as a countertenor (one of several neo-Baroque touches to this score). , The first time Cage mentioned the idea of a piece composed entirely of silence was during a 1947 (or 1948) lecture at Vassar College, A Composer's Confessions. One need not fear about the future of music. They missed the point. " Painter Alfred Leslie recalls Cage presenting a "one-minute-of-silence talk" in front of a window during the late 1940s, while visiting Studio 35 at New York University..  They could be filled with either sounds, silence or noise; where neither of these elements is absolutely necessary for completeness. 2015. , On December 5, 2010, an international simultaneous performance of Cage's 4′33″ took place involving over 200 performers, amateur and professional musicians, and artists. You could hear the wind stirring outside during the first movement. The ending will approach imperceptibility. However, in the First Tacet Edition Cage writes that at the premiere the timings were 33″, 2′40″ and 1′20″. ISBN 0-06-015823-9. , In May 2019, Mute Records released a compilation box set entitled STUMM433 featuring interpretations of 4′33″ by more than 50 current and alumni Mute artists including Laibach, Depeche Mode, Cabaret Voltaire, Einstürzende Neubauten, Goldfrapp, Moby, Erasure and others. 4′33″ (pronounced "four minutes, thirty-three seconds" or just "four thirty-three") is a three-movement composition by American experimental composer John Cage (1912–1992). Two trailblazing new music artists — Kronos Quartet and composer Philip Glass — come together once again for a recording of the first original score for the Universal Pictures 1931 horror film classic Dracula, starring Béla Lugosi. This inspired Cage to use a similar idea, as he later stated, "Actually what pushed me into it was not guts but the example of Robert Rauschenberg. Not for any progressive reason, but because it turns kids into addicts. Philip Glass "Sons of the Silent Age" from Symphony "Heroes" 1997 Music composed by Philip Glass. Screen, by definition, is a separation point. And this is a technological necessity now.”, JM: “What’s the gift of power? , In defining noise music and its value, Paul Hegarty in Noise/Music: A History (2007) contends that Cage's 4′33″ represents the beginning of noise music proper. And they will continue following my death. And, now consumed.”, JM: “What challenges are present making this film ‘NOW’ during the current pandemic?”, Godfrey Reggio: “The uncertainty of the virus. The piece consists of the sounds of the environment that the listeners hear while it is performed, although it is commonly perceived as "four minutes thirty-three seconds of silence". Glass was honored for … What do people gain by controlling masses of people?”. Lipov, Anatoly. , Conceived around 1947–48, while the composer was working on Sonatas and Interludes, 4′33″ became for Cage the epitome of his idea that any sounds may constitute music. And who knows when, or if, it’ll get better? , Several performances of 4′33″ including a "techno remix" by New Waver were broadcast on Australian radio station ABC Classic FM, as part of a program exploring "sonic responses" to Cage's work. Get your own music profile at Last.fm, the world’s largest social music platform. This process was repeated for the second and third movements. 4 "Heroes": IV. I’m not going to leave Red Hook probably more than two or three times in a year. Nevertheless, in 4′33″ the audience contributed the bulk of the musical material of the piece. Godfrey Reggio’s films are stunning and prescient. Tell me how you’re creating this new film ‘NOW’ with children in mind.”, Godfrey Reggio: “What I found out working with children for years, and street gangs, is that their attention span is not long. We’ve become separated. So, this is the terror. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan UP, 1961. By his own admission, Glass remains primarily a collaborative composer. It was composed in 1952, for any instrument or combination of instruments, and the score instructs performers not to play their instruments during the entire duration of the piece throughout the three movements. He says, ‘If it can be done, it will be done.’ What he’s saying is that technology is autonomous and has its own imperative. This is motivated by the belief that what we think of as "self-expression" is really just an infusion of the art with the social standards that we have been subjected to since birth. Philip Glass, one of our reigning minimalists, studied under Darius Milhaud and Nadia Boulanger in Paris and his music has always had a quiet Debussy-like character to it.  The Swedish electronic band Covenant concluded their 2000 album United States of Mind with a rendition of 4′33″ entitled "You Can Make Your Own Music". These days, he often seems trapped in his formulas; he writes “Philip Glass music” in place of music that happens to be by Philip Glass. And when it gets better, it’s back to the madness of what it was before.”, JM: “Early in your life you spent 14 years in silence and contemplation as a Christian Brothers monk. I never had a career. I wanted to mean it utterly and be able to live with it. The audience saw him sit at the piano and, to mark the beginning of the piece, close the keyboard lid. Philip Glass ventured to the Emory University campus for a performance of his opera Akhnaten and to receive an award from the university. As a result, the listener is more focused, giving Cage's 4′33″ the same amount of attention (or perhaps even more) as if it were Beethoven's Ninth. " The realization as he saw it of the impossibility of silence led to the composition of 4′33″. The normal is toxicity. A silent, solo, black-and-white, Kafkaesque nightmare about a man perpetually stuck inside the subway. We’re in a data-driven world. We don’t want to wait. I entered this differently from some of my colleagues because they have careers. 4 PREVIEW Symphony No. It first came into prominence after it was mentioned by science writer Ben Goldacre on his Twitter profile. 4′33″ challenges, or rather exploits to a radical extent, the social regiments of the modern concert life etiquette, experimenting on unsuspecting concert-goers to prove an important point. Another cited influence for this piece came from the field of the visual arts. ... Pearl Jam – had better results than the silent group. Still from Koyaanisqatsi, dir. It’s real, but it’s less true than presence. , On January 16, 2004, at the Barbican Centre in London, the BBC Symphony Orchestra gave the UK's first orchestral performance of this work. The second performance added four new qualifications to the directions: "the performer should allow any interruptions of the action, the action should fulfill an obligation to others, the same action should not be used in more than one performance, and should not be the performance of a musical composition. By Philip Glass.  This version of Cage's work failed to make number 1, but charted at number 21 on the UK Singles Chart.. Furthermore, the audience's behavior is limited by the rules and regulation of the concert hall; they will quietly sit and listen to 4′33” of ambient noise. T he Trial, Philip Glass’s latest opera, is his 26th and the first to receive its world premiere in this country. Glass, Philip (1987). So, we’re becoming the environment we live in and that environment is predicated on the screen.”, JM: “On the last page of your proposal for your new film “NOW,” there’s an image from the public service campaign you helped produce back in 1974 with the New Mexico Civil Liberties Union. 1991. The screen separates one thing from another, even if it has the appearance of engagement. The Concerto for prepared piano and orchestra (1951) closes with an extended silence, and Waiting (1952), a piano piece composed just a few months before 4′33″, consists of long silences framing a single, short ostinato pattern. And the screen’s ubiquity is what everyone wants; it’s the god tool of wonderland. New York: Harper & Row. But we want to go now! , 4′33″ has been recorded on several occasions: Frank Zappa recorded it as part of A Chance Operation: The John Cage Tribute, on the Koch label, 1993; in 2002, James Tenney performed 4′33″ at Rudolf Schindler's historic Kings Road House in celebration of the work's 50th anniversary. We’re along for the ride. For Hegarty, noise music, as with 4′33″, is that music made up of incidental sounds that represent perfectly the tension between "desirable" sound (properly played musical notes) and undesirable "noise" that make up all noise music. What’s changed, or not changed, in your concerns?”, Godfrey Reggio: “We’re now exponentially on speed in rush hour, outrunning the future. And then enslaving everyone for the god of money and power. While the renaissance of interest in the countertenor voice has made it much more familiar than it was when Glass initially wrote this music in the early 1980s, Akhnaten’s singing retains a startling effect—at least initially—since he is a silent visual presence onstage until well into the first act. You were concerned about surveillance, data collection and behavior control of the masses. Tara Hugo's work past, current and ongoing with composer Philip Glass includes a piece called Is Infinity Odd or Even premiered in 2017 and with performances scheduled for 2020 in New York and Los Angeles. And it’s what we’re all wanting. And it will be done through the genius of the best storyteller I can find, Bill Irwin. Examples include the following: The musicologist Richard Taruskin has argued that 4′33″ is an example of automatism. That’s a mouthful, I know. The Duet for Two Flutes (1934), composed when Cage was 22, opens with silence, and silence was an important structural element in some of the Sonatas and Interludes (1946–48), Music of Changes (1951) and Two Pastorales (1951). The Mozart group again completed the maze test significantly more quickly and with fewer errors than the Philip Glass group, suggesting that it might be the musical complexity of Mozart’s compositions that has a positive impact on people’s spatial reasoning. " Cage had gone to a place where he expected total silence, and yet heard sound. In the spirit of his teacher Schoenberg, Cage managed to emancipate the silence and the noise to make it an acceptable or perhaps even integral part of his music composition. We’re becoming that environment of technology becoming sensate. Interview With MoMA Curator David Platzker About the New Exhibition on John Cage. It will open with a single idea which I will attempt to make as seductive as the color and shape and fragrance of a flower. It’s still doing that now; it has a life of its own. The time-lapse cinematography and fast-paced images of his Qatsi trilogy – “Koyaanisqatsi” (1982), “Powaqqatsi” (1988), and “Naqoyqatsi” (2002) – inspired a generation of filmmaking. Performed by The American Composers Orchestra. The situation we’re in speaks of a liminal state; that state between two places. She wrote a beautiful book called ‘The Odd One In’ and she says anarchic humor is when there are short circuits that cause an immediate connection between heterogeneous orders. mariagiov’s top artists: John Cage, Philip Glass, The Residents. We’ll be looking at things like a calliope, toy piano, kazoo, bells and orchestra. (philipglass.com) The rest of the album is devoted to percussion pieces by three of TCP’s four members with no liner notes to guide us, just our ears. In a city that delivers blazing-fast internet, looms large on the logistics landscape, and mints start-ups of every type, Phillip D. Glass is easy to overlook. They promise one thing and do another. So, you’ll have to slush it around. Godfrey Reggio: “Facebook, and all the other ones – this is going to sound ridiculous – but, they are the terrorists, really. “Once something is learned early in life, it’s very hard to discard. I hear they have big blimps now over Africa, to be able to get everybody gizmos, or as many people as possible. ... his future heir, Martin Luther King Jr., gives a silent oration. Their eyes are seeing what no child has seen before.’ Children are the product. Alphabetical list of Philip Glass' works on his website; List of compositions by Philip Glass discography at Discogs The second point made by 4′33″ concerns duration. Titled “Ten Years and Counting,” it referred to the real-life approach of Orwell’s dystopian 1984. 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